Turkey 100 Year Agreement with Saudi Arabia in Urdu
Written by Wendy Garraty
The Treaty of Lausanne led to the international recognition of the sovereignty of the new Republic of Turkey as the successor state of the defunct Ottoman Empire.  As a result of the treaty, the Ottoman national debt was divided between Turkey and the countries that emerged from the former Ottoman Empire.  The Strait Convention lasted only thirteen years and was replaced in 1936 by the Montreux Convention on the Regulation of the Strait. The customs restrictions provided for in the Treaty were revised shortly thereafter. With the expiration of the Treaty of Lausanne, Turkey will be free to seize its rich resources, including those in northern Iraq. You have the right to seize underground resources and start drilling for resource exploration. Turkey will also be free to annex its territories, which were once under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, because after the expiration of the Treaty of Lausanne, the modern Turkish demarcation will be insignificant and will lead to enormous regional transformations. Turkey will be able to conquer the Greek islands, as they were unjustly granted independence by the Allied powers in order to harm the strength of the Ottoman Empire. The Turkish national movement developed its own international relations with the Moscow Treaty with Soviet Russia on March 16, 1921, the Ankara Agreement with France that ended the Franco-Turkish War, the Treaty of Alexandropol with the Armenians, and the Treaty of Kars establishing the eastern borders. The resumption of energy exploration and the recharging of fleets and ships operating between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean will be a huge economic leap forward for Turkey‘s declining economy. The Arabs are not sure of themselves and feel uneasy about the end of the Treaty of Lausanne. The end of this treaty will give Turkey full jurisdiction over Mecca and Medina, which will transfer the respect and affection of Muslims for the Saudis to the Turks.
The majority of Muslims show immense respect for the Saud because they have declared themselves guardians of Mecca and Medina and protect the Holy People. If the Saudis do not have the rights to the holy sites, they will lose that unimaginable respect in the hearts of Muslims, especially after their alliances with the West and fanatical Jews. The Greek government administered the occupation of Smyrna from 21 May 1919. In July 1922, a protectorate was established. The treaty “transferred the exercise of their sovereign rights to a local parliament,” but left the region within the Ottoman Empire. The treaty provided that Smyrna would be administered by a local parliament, with a referendum overseen by the League of Nations after five years to decide whether smyrna‘s citizens wanted to join Greece or remain in the Ottoman Empire. The treaty accepted the Greek administration of the enclave of Smyrna, but the region remained under Turkish sovereignty. In order to protect the Christian population from attacks by Turkish irregulars, the Greek army also extended its jurisdiction to nearby cities and created the so-called “Smyrna area”.
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was not a party to the treaty, as it had negotiated the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The Kingdom of the Hejaz in the Arabian Peninsula received international recognition and had an estimated area of 100,000 square miles (260,000 km2) and a population of about 750,000. The most important cities were the Holy Places of Mecca with a population of 80,000 and Medina with a population of 40,000. Under the Ottomans, it was the vilayet of the Hejaz, but during the war it became an independent kingdom under British influence. The French mandate was established at the San Remo Conference and covered the region between the Euphrates and the Syrian desert to the east and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, and it stretched from the Nur Mountains in the north to Egypt in the south, an area of about 60,000 square miles (160,000 km2) with a population of about 3,000,000, including Lebanon and an enlarged Syria, both were later reassigned under a League of Nations mandate. The region was divided under the French into four governments as follows: government of Aleppo, from the Euphrates region to the Mediterranean; Greater Lebanon stretching from Tripoli to Palestine; Damascus, including Damascus, Hama, Hems and Hauran; and the land of Mount Arisarieh. Faisal ibn Husayn, who had been proclaimed king of Syria by a Syrian National Congress in Damascus in March 1920, was expelled by the Frenchman in July of the same year. The following year, he became king of Iraq.
The details of the Treaty on the British Mandate in Iraq were finalized on April 25, 1920, at the San Remo Conference. The oil concession in the area was awarded to the British-controlled Turkish Petroleum Company (TPC), which held concession rights over Mosul province. British and Iraqi negotiators have engaged in lively discussions on the new oil concession. The League of Nations voted on the Mosul provision, and Iraqis feared that without British support, Iraq would lose territory. In March 1925, the TPC was renamed iraq petroleum company (IPC) and received a full concession for 75 years. After the withdrawal of Greek forces to Asia Minor and the expulsion of the Ottoman sultan by the Turkish army under the command of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the Kemalist government of the Ankara-based Turkish National Movement rejected the territorial losses imposed by the 1920 Treaty of Sèvres, previously signed by the Ottoman Empire. Britain had sought to undermine Turkish influence in Mesopotamia and Kirkuk by seeking the creation of a Kurdish state in eastern Anatolia. Secular Kemalist rhetoric toned down some of the international concerns about the future of Armenians who had survived the 1915 Armenian Genocide, and support for Kurdish self-determination also waned. Under the Treaty of Lausanne, signed in 1923, eastern Anatolia became part of present-day Turkey, in exchange for abandoning Turkey‘s Ottoman claims to oil-rich Arab countries.  Turkey has also officially ceded all claims to the Dodecanese Islands (Article 15); Cyprus (Article 20);  Egypt and Sudan (Article 17); Syria and Iraq (Article 3); and established (with the Treaty of Ankara) the borders of the latter two nations.  The Treaty of Lausanne (French: Treaty of Lausanne) was a peace treaty negotiated at the Lausanne Conference of 1922/23 and signed on 24 July 1923 at the Palais de Rumine. Lausanne, Switzerland It officially resolved the conflict that originally existed between the Ottoman Empire and the Allied French Republic, the British Empire, the Kingdom of Italy, the Empire of Japan, the Kingdom of Greece and the Kingdom of Romania since the beginning of The First World War.
 The original text of the contract is in French.  This is the result of a second attempt at peace after the failure of the Treaty of Sèvres. The previous treaty had been signed in 1920, but was later rejected by the Turkish national movement, which fought against its terms. The Treaty of Lausanne ended the conflict and defined the borders of the modern Turkish Republic. In the treaty, Turkey renounced all its claims to the rest of the Ottoman Empire and, in return, the Allies recognized Turkish sovereignty within their new borders.  It provided for the exchange of Greek-Turkish population and allowed unrestricted civilian passage through the Turkish Strait (but not militarily; this would be done with the Montreux Convention). There was no general agreement among the Kurds on what kurdistan‘s borders should look like, as the Kurdish settlement areas and the political and administrative borders of the region are different.  The contours of Kurdistan as a unit had been proposed in 1919 by Şerif Pasha, who represented the Society for the Elevation of Kurdistan (Kürdistan Teali Cemiyeti) at the Paris Peace Conference. He defined the borders of the region as follows: in the post-Lausanne world, Erdogan can be considered the only highly influential leader in the Arab world, focused exclusively on rebuilding the Islamic system and Ottonomian values in the world.
This factor also worries Arab leaders, as their power is the support of Muslims and Muslim countries, but in recent years they have betrayed their own Muslim people around the world by allying themselves against them with the West. Take the case of Yemen; they were brutally bombed by their own Muslim brotherhood, falsifying the fact that Yemen is nothing more than a white spot on a white paper off the coast of Saudi Arabia. The assassination of Saddam Hussein, the assassination of Yasser Ar-afat, the assassination of Hariri, all this is the result of the uninterrupted support of the Arabs to the West. But the times are now over. Tur-key will be there to replace the Arab influence on the M-uslims community, and the facade of Muslim representations will be reversed. These plans are not child‘s play; The Turkish establishment will have to show cunning diplomacy and immeasurable patience. .